ISLPR Language Services Blog


Posted by on Jun 17, 2021 at 5:56 AM

‘and’ and ‘but’

  • ‘and’ and ‘but’ join clauses into a sentence.
  • Do not start a new sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’.
  • Do not put a comma or a full stop before ‘and’, ‘but’ or ‘or’.
  • Do not put a comma after conjunction introducing a clause, e.g. He told me that he was too tired to watch the movie.


Traditionally, ‘however’ was regarded as a conjunctive adverb or a discourse marker, not a conjunction.  In other words, ‘however’ marks a relationship between sentences or ideas and does not join clauses into a sentence, i.e. it is not conjunction.

However, the Macquarie Dictionary notes that there is a modern trend to use it as conjunction and gives the example: I thought he was coming,  however, he failed to arrive.